Whether you are planning a trip to Turkey or you have just arrived, there are many things you will want to see and do while you are there. If you are a history buff, then you will love seeing the ancient monuments in Izmir, including the Ancient Synagogue and the Clock Tower. The city also boasts one of the biggest markets in the world, the Kemeralti Bazaar.
Known as the "Port City" of the Euro-Asian Silk Road, Izmir has been a settlement site since the Hellenistic Period. As the trade route expanded, the city of Izmir became one of the major port cities in the Eastern Mediterranean. The commercial life of Izmir revolved around its port.
As a port city, Izmir attracted settlers from a variety of locations. It was also a place where diverse ethnic groups could freely express their identities. It was also a place where the freedom of religion was protected under the Ottoman Empire. In the early seventeenth century, European countries moved their consulates to Izmir. These consulates brought in settlers from Greece, the Iberian Peninsula, and Anatolia. These settlers, together with Armenian, Jewish, and Greek settlers from across the Ottoman lands, contributed to a more multi-cultural and cosmopolitan structure in Izmir.
Located in Izmir, Turkey, the Izmir Clock Tower is one of the most iconic structures in the city. Its architecture was designed by French architect Raymond Charles Pere. The tower was built in the year 1901 to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the accession of Sultan Abdulhamid II.
It was commissioned by a council of Izmir officials and was inaugurated on 1 September 1901. It was constructed of white marble and has four floors. It is one of the oldest clock towers in Izmir. The clock on the tower was given to the sultan as a gift by German Emperor Wilhelm II.
Located in Izmir, Turkey, the Kemeralti Bazaar is a shopping paradise. The old bazaar is filled with hundreds of shops selling a variety of goods. These stores are mostly located within pre-war houses. The merchants are friendly and willing to negotiate.
The Kemeralti Bazaar is mainly inhabited by locals. There are several mosques, cafes and shops here. It is also a good place to get some traditional Turkish handicrafts and woven products. It is also a popular tourist spot in Izmir.
There are several restored buildings here including the Old Maternity Hospital building, the Mavi Kortijo and the Agora Turkish House. It is a great place to visit if you are looking for a historic tour in Izmir.
Located on the Aegean Sea, Izmir is home to an ancient Jewish community. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the city was a major hub of Jewish communal life. A large group of settlers from Istanbul and other places joined the small Jewish communities of Western Anatolia.
The community also supported Jewish schools, a Hebrew printing press, and large yeshivot. The community was a center of learning and culture. The synagogue was the main place of worship. In 1792, a group of three synagogues were built on rented land.
The Forasteros Synagogue was originally built by foreign traders in the seventeenth century. After various fires, the synagogue was renovated.
St. Polycarp Church
Located in Konak, Izmir, Turkey, Saint Polycarp Church is one of the oldest churches in the country. The church was built in 1625 AD, and was restored in the late nineteenth century. The interior features beautiful frescoes and murals. The church has three naves in an east-west direction. The bell tower on the west facade is also a prominent feature of the church.
The church is one of the main centres of the local Catholic diocese. It is accessible by taking the Metro to Konak Square. The church is open every day of the year. The entrance to the church is through a white door. You will need to present your ID before entering the church.
Located in Izmir, Turkey, the ancient city of Ephesus is a popular tourist destination. The city was once a Greek and Roman settlement that was home to 200,000 people during both the Hellenistic and Roman ages.
Known for its rich cultural history, the city of Ephesus is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city is home to many historical attractions including the House of the Virgin Mary. The site is also home to the Ephesus Ancient Theater, the Odeon of Ephesus, and a temple.
During the Greek and Roman periods, Ephesus was the largest port and a major trade center. It was the most important Greek city in Ionian Asia Minor.